Lead-Free Aurivillius Phase Bi2LaNb1.5Mn0.5O9: Structure, Ferroelectric, Magnetic, and Magnetodielectric Effects
journal contributionposted on 2022-05-27, 19:13 authored by Tio Putra Wendari, Syukri Arief, Nandang Mufti, Graeme R. Blake, Jacob Baas, Veinardi Suendo, Anton Prasetyo, Andon Insani, Zulhadjri Zulhadjri
Aurivillius phase Bi2LaNb1.5Mn0.5O9, derived from ferroelectric PbBi2Nb2O9 by simultaneous substitution of the A-site and B-site cations, was synthesized using a molten-salt method. Here, we discuss the structure–property relationships in detail. X-ray and neutron diffraction show that Bi2LaNb1.5Mn0.5O9 adopts an A21am orthorhombic crystal structure. Rietveld refinement analysis, supported by Raman spectroscopy, indicates that the Bi3+ ions occupy the bismuth oxide blocks, La3+ ions occupy the perovskite A-site, and Nb5+/Mn3+ ions occupy the perovskite B-site. Ferroelectric ordering takes place at 535 K, which coexists with local ferromagnetic order below 65 K. The cation disorder on the B-site results in relaxor-ferroelectric behavior, and the short-range ferromagnetic order can be attributed to Mn3+/Mn4+ double-exchange. Magnetodielectric coupling measured at 5 K and 100 kHz in a field of 5 T suggests the existence of intrinsic spin–lattice coupling with a magnetodielectric coefficient of 0.20%. These findings will provide significant impetus for further research into potential devices based on the magnetodielectric effect in Aurivillius materials.
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