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Lactonic Sophorolipid Increases Surface Wettability of Poly‑l‑lactic Acid Electrospun Fibers

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posted on 01.07.2019, 00:00 by Alexis M. Ziemba, Keith P. Lane, Bailey Balouch, Anthony R. D’Amato, Filbert Totsingan, Richard A. Gross, Ryan J. Gilbert
The hydrophobicity of electrospun poly-l-lactic acid (PLLA) fibers hinders their integration with surrounding tissue for a variety of applications. In this study, we increased PLLA fiber hydrophilicity by incorporating the natural surfactant, lactonic sophorolipid (LSL). PLLA+LSL fibers had similar fiber morphology but significantly greater surface wettability, which suggested LSL accumulation on the fiber surface. Differential scanning calorimetry results also suggested that LSL was phase separated from PLLA. Despite the altered surface wettability of these fibers, there was no change in fibroblast adhesion. Future studies may explore the use of this natural surfactant to deliver bioactive factors to enhance fibroblast adhesion.

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