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Laccase-Carrying Electrospun Fibrous Membranes for Adsorption and Degradation of PAHs in Shoal Soils

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journal contribution
posted on 15.12.2011, 00:00 by Yunrong Dai, Lifeng Yin, Junfeng Niu
The removal of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from soil is costly and time-consuming. The high hydrophobicity of PAHs makes PAH diffusion from soil particles by hydraulic flow difficult. The phase transfer of PAHs from soil to another available mediator is crucial for PAH removal. This study focuses on the remediation of PAH-contaminated shoal soil, located in Yangtze, China, using three types of laccase-carrying electrospun fibrous membranes (LCEFMs) fabricated via emulsion electrospinning. These LCEFMs were composed of core–shell structural nanofibers (for PAH adsorption), with laccase in the core (for PAH degradation) and pores on the shell (for mass transfer). The LCEFMs with strong adsorptivity extracted the PAHs from the soil particles, resulting in an obvious enhancement of PAH degradation. The removal efficiencies in 6 h for phenanthrene, fluoranthene, benz[a]anthracene and benzo[a]pyrene were greater than 95.1%, 93.2%, 79.1%, and 72.5%, respectively. The removal half-lives were 0.003–1.52 h, much shorter than those by free laccase (17.9–67.9 h) or membrane adsorption (1.25–12.50 h). The third-order reaction kinetics suggested that the superficial adsorption and internal diffusion were the rate-limiting steps of the overall reaction. A synergistic effect between adsorption and degradation was also proposed on the basis of the triple phase distribution and kinetics analyses.