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Kesterite Cu2ZnSnS4 as a Low-Cost Inorganic Hole-Transporting Material for High-Efficiency Perovskite Solar Cells

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journal contribution
posted on 2015-12-30, 00:00 authored by Qiliang Wu, Cong Xue, Yi Li, Pengcheng Zhou, Weifeng Liu, Jun Zhu, Songyuan Dai, Changfei Zhu, Shangfeng Yang
Kesterite-structured quaternary semiconductor Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) has been commonly used as light absorber in thin film solar cells on the basis of its optimal bandgap of 1.5 eV, high absorption coefficient, and earth-abundant elemental constituents. Herein we applied CZTS nanoparticles as a novel inorganic hole transporting material (HTM) for organo-lead halide perovskite solar cells (PSCs) for the first time, achieving a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 12.75%, which is the highest PCE for PSCs with Cu-based inorganic HTMs reported up to now, and quite comparable to that obtained for PSCs based on commonly used organic HTM such as 2,2′,7,7′-tetrakis­(N,N-di-p-methoxyphenylamine)-9,9′-spirobifluorene (spiro-MeOTAD). The size of CZTS nanoparticles and its incorporation condition as HTM were optimized, and the effects of CZTS HTM on the optical absorption, crystallinity, morphology of the perovskite film and the interface between the perovskite layer and the Au electrode were investigated and compared with the case of spiro-MeOTAD HTM, revealing the role of CZTS in efficient hole transporting from the perovskite layer to the top Au electrode as confirmed by the prohibited charge recombination at the perovskite/Au electrode interface. On the basis of the effectiveness of CZTS as a low-cost HTM competitive to spiro-MeOTAD in PSCs, we demonstrate the new role of CZTS in photovoltaics as a hole conductor beyond the traditional light absorber.