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Inhibition of Bacterial Adhesion on Nanotextured Stainless Steel 316L by Electrochemical Etching

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journal contribution
posted on 12.12.2017, 17:04 by Yeongseon Jang, Won Tae Choi, Christopher T. Johnson, Andrés J. García, Preet M. Singh, Victor Breedveld, Dennis W. Hess, Julie A. Champion
Bacterial adhesion to stainless steel 316L (SS316L), which is an alloy typically used in many medical devices and food processing equipment, can cause serious infections along with substantial healthcare costs. This work demonstrates that nanotextured SS316L surfaces produced by electrochemical etching effectively inhibit bacterial adhesion of both Gram-negative Escherichia coli and Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus, but exhibit cytocompatibility and no toxicity toward mammalian cells in vitro. Additionally, the electrochemical surface modification on SS316L results in formation of superior passive layer at the surface, improving corrosion resistance. The nanotextured SS316L offers significant potential for medical applications based on the surface structure-induced reduction of bacterial adhesion without use of antibiotic or chemical modifications while providing cytocompatibility and corrosion resistance in physiological conditions.