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Hydrogen Bonds in Ionic Liquids Revisited:  35/37Cl NMR Studies of Deuterium Isotope Effects in 1-n-Butyl-3-Methylimidazolium Chloride

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journal contribution
posted on 11.10.2007, 00:00 authored by Richard C. Remsing, Jayme L. Wildin, Ashleigh L. Rapp, Guillermo Moyna
Detailed knowledge of the structure, dynamics, and interionic interactions of ionic liquids (ILs) is critical to understand their physicochemical properties. In this letter, we show that deuterium isotope effects on the chloride ion 35/37Cl NMR signal represent a useful tool in the study of interionic hydrogen bonds in imidazolium chloride ILs. Sizable Δ35/37Cl(H,D) values obtained for the model system 1-n-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([C4mim]Cl) upon deuteriation of the imidazolium C-2 and C-2,4,5 positions, of nearly 1 and 2 ppm, respectively, show that the approach can readily identify and differentiate Cl···H hydrogen bonds between the anion and cation. Our study is one of a few examples in which hydrogen-bonding in ILs has been investigated using deuterium isotope effects and, to our knowledge, the only one employing 35/37Cl NMR to detect these interactions. The methodology described could be easily extended to the study of other systems bearing NMR-active nuclei.