Hybrid Materials Combining Photoactive 2,3-DidecyloxyAnthracene Physical Gels and Gold Nanoparticles
journal contributionposted on 28.07.2009, 00:00 authored by Neralagatta M. Sangeetha, Shreedhar Bhat, Guillaume Raffy, Colette Belin, Anne Loppinet-Serani, Cyril Aymonier, Pierre Terech, Uday Maitra, Jean-Pierre Desvergne, André Del Guerzo
Organic/inorganic hybrid gels have been developed in order to control the three-dimensional structure of photoactive nanofibers and metallic nanoparticles (NPs). These materials are prepared by simultaneous self-assembly of the 2,3-didecyloxyanthracene (DDOA) gelator and of thiol-capped gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). TEM and fluorescence measurements show that alkane-thiol capped AuNPs are homogeneously dispersed and tightly attached to the thermoreversible fibrillar network formed by the organogelator in n-butanol or n-decanol. Rheology and thermal stability measurements reveal moreover that the mechanical and thermal stabilities of the DDOA organogels are not significantly altered and that they remain strong, viscoelastic materials. The hybrid materials display a variable absorbance in the visible range because of the AuNPs, whereas the strong luminescence of the DDOA nanofibers is efficiently quenched by micromolar amounts of AuNPs. Besides, we obtained hybrid aerogels using supercritical CO2. These are very low-density porous materials showing fibrillar networks on which fluorinated gold NPs are dispersed. These hybrid materials are of high interest because of their tunable optical properties and are under investigation for efficient light scattering.