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Histidine-Controlled Homochiral and Ferroelectric Metal–Organic Frameworks

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journal contribution
posted on 2015-02-04, 00:00 authored by Lei Yu, Xiu-Ni Hua, Xi-Jie Jiang, Lan Qin, Xiao-Zhi Yan, Lai-Hui Luo, Lei Han
A new multifunctional enantiopure ligand, (S)-2-(1,8-naphthalimido)-3-(4-imidazole)­propanoate (s-nip), containing a homochiral center derived from l-histidine and a strong π···π stacking 1,8-naphthalimide synthon, has been used to prepare three novel metal–organic frameworks. The frameworks of [Zn­(s-nip)2]n (1) and {[Co­(s-nip)2]·(H2O)0.5}n (2) are isostructural three-dimensional (3D) homochiral supramolecular structures organized one-dimensional (1D) ribbons by strong hydrogen bonds and π···π interactions, which display ferroelectric behavior at room temperature. The complex [Cu­(nia)2·(H2O)5]n (3) was constructed under a hydrothermal in situ ligand synthesis reaction, in which the new ligand 2-(1,8-naphthalimido)-3-(4-imidazole)­acrylate (nia) was formed from the s-nip ligand via a dehydrogenation reaction. The two-dimensional network of 3 stacks into a 3D structure via π···π interactions resulting in 1D hydrophilic channels.