High-Resolution α‑Amylase Assay Combined with High-Performance Liquid Chromatography–Solid-Phase Extraction–Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy for Expedited Identification of α‑Amylase Inhibitors: Proof of Concept and α‑Amylase Inhibitor in Cinnamon
journal contributionposted on 26.11.2014, 00:00 by Leyla Okutan, Kenneth T. Kongstad, Anna K. Jäger, Dan Staerk
Type 2 diabetes affects millions of people worldwide, and new improved drugs or functional foods containing selective α-amylase inhibitors are needed for improved management of blood glucose. In this article the development of a microplate-based high-resolution α-amylase inhibition assay with direct photometric measurement of α-amylase activity is described. The inhibition assay is based on porcine pancreatic α-amylase with 2-chloro-4-nitrophenyl-α-d-maltotriose as substrate, which this gives a stable, sensitive, and cheap inhibition assay as requested for high-resolution purposes. In combination with HPLC–HRMS–SPE–NMR, this provides an analytical platform that allows simultaneous chemical and biological profiling of α-amylase inhibitors in plant extracts. Proof-of-concept with an artificial mixture of six compoundsof which three are known α-amylase inhibitorsshowed that the high-resolution α-amylase inhibition profiles allowed detection of sub-microgram amounts of the α-amylase inhibitors. Furthermore, the high-resolution α-amylase inhibition assay/HPLC–HRMS–SPE–NMR platform allowed identification of cinnamaldehyde as the α-amylase inhibitor in cinnamon (Cinnamomum verum Presl.).