High-Performance Lithium Metal Batteries with a Wide Operating Temperature Range in Carbonate Electrolyte by Manipulating Interfacial Chemistry
journal contributionposted on 2021-08-18, 14:06 authored by Peitao Xiao, Ripeng Luo, Zhihong Piao, Chuang Li, Junxiong Wang, Kuang Yu, Guangmin Zhou, Hui-Ming Cheng
Development of high-performance lithium metal batteries with a wide operating temperature range is highly challenging, especially in carbonate electrolyte. Herein, a multifunctional high-donor-number solvent, tris(pyrrolidinophosphine) oxide (TPPO), is introduced into carbonate electrolyte to regulate both electrode–electrolyte interfaces. On the one hand, lithium nitrate can be easily dissolved in carbonate electrolyte because of the strong interaction between TPPO and Li+, resulting in the formation of a robust and ionic conductive Li3N-rich solid electrolyte interphase, which efficiently inhibits the formation of lithium dendrites. On the other hand, TPPO can be preferentially oxidized into an ultrathin and robust cathode electrolyte interphase, significantly suppressing electrolyte decomposition. As a result, the TPPO-containing electrolyte enables stable lithium stripping/plating cycling performance (1000 h at 3 mA cm–2 and 3 mAh cm–2). Furthermore, Li/LiFePO4 cells exhibit stable cycling performance even at temperatures as high as 70 °C and as low as −15 °C, demonstrating their potential in temperature tolerance.