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Genome-Wide Mapping of Oxidative DNA Damage via Engineering of 8‑Oxoguanine DNA Glycosylase

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journal contribution
posted on 24.10.2019, 19:36 by Yuxin Fang, Peng Zou
The occurrence of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine (OG) in the genome, as one of the major DNA oxidative damages, has been implicated in an array of biological processes, ranging from mutagenesis to transcriptional regulation. Genome-wide mapping of oxidative damages could shed light on the underlying cellular mechanism. In the present study, we engineered the hOGG1 enzyme, a primary 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase, into a guanine oxidation-profiling tool. Our method, called enTRAP-seq, successfully identified more than 1400 guanine oxidation sites in the mouse embryonic fibroblast genome. These OG peaks were enriched in open chromatin regions and regulatory elements, including promoters, 5′ untranslated regions, and CpG islands. Collectively, we present a simple and generalizable approach for the genome-wide profiling of DNA damages with high sensitivity and specificity.