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Genipin-Cross-Linked Layer-by-Layer Assemblies: Biocompatible Microenvironments To Direct Bone Cell Fate

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journal contribution
posted on 2014-05-12, 00:00 authored by Fabien Gaudière, Sandrine Morin-Grognet, Laurent Bidault, Pierre Lembré, Emmanuel Pauthe, Jean-Pierre Vannier, Hassan Atmani, Guy Ladam, Béatrice Labat
The design of biomimetic coatings capable of improving the osseointegration of bone biomaterials is a current challenge in the field of bone repair. Toward this end, layer-by-layer (LbL) films composed of natural components are suitable candidates. Chondroitin sulfate A (CSA), a natural glycosaminoglycan (GAG), was used as the polyanionic component because it promotes osteoblast maturation in vivo. In their native state, GAG-containing LbL films are generally cytophobic because of their low stiffness. To stiffen our CSA-based LbL films, genipin (GnP) was used as a natural cross-linking agent, which is much less cytotoxic than conventional chemical cross-linkers. GnP-cross-linked films display an original combination of microscale topography and tunable mechanical properties. Structural characterization was partly based on a novel donor/acceptor Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) couple, namely, FITC/GnP, which is a promising approach for further inspection of any GnP-cross-linked system. GnP-cross-linked films significantly promote adhesion, proliferation, and early and late differentiation of preosteoblasts.