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Free-Standing T‑Nb2O5/Graphene Composite Papers with Ultrahigh Gravimetric/Volumetric Capacitance for Li-Ion Intercalation Pseudocapacitor

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journal contribution
posted on 2015-11-24, 00:00 authored by Lingping Kong, Chuanfang Zhang, Jitong Wang, Wenming Qiao, Licheng Ling, Donghui Long
Free-standing electrodes with high gravimetric/volumetric capacitance will open up potential applications in miniaturized consumer electronics. Herein, we report a simple synthesis technology of free-standing orthorhombic Nb2O5 (T-Nb2O5)/graphene composite papers for Li-intercalating pseudocapacitive electrodes. Through a facile polyol-mediated solvothermal reaction, the Nb2O5 nanodots are homogeneously decorated onto the surface of reduced graphite oxide (rGO), which can form a homogeneous Nb2O5/rGO colloidal suspension that can be easily fabricated into flexible composite papers. The heat-treated T-Nb2O5/graphene composite papers exhibit a nanoporous layer-stacked structure with good ionic–electric conductive pathways, high T-Nb2O5 loading of 74.2%, and high bulk density of 1.55 g cm–3. Such T-Nb2O5/graphene composite papers show a superior pseudocapacitor performance as free-standing electrodes, as evidenced by an ultrahigh gravimetric/volumetric capacitance (620.5 F g–1 and 961.8 F cm–3 at 1 mV s–1) and excellent rate capability. Furthermore, an organic electrolyte-based asymmetric supercapacitor is assembled based on T-Nb2O5/graphene composite papers, which can deliver a high energy density of 47 W h kg–1 and power density of 18 kW kg–1.