FIRST LINE OF SUBCUTANEOUS ANTI-TNF THERAPY FOR RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS: A PROSPECTIVE COHORT STUDY
Objectives: This study aims to evaluate and compare the use of subcutaneous anti-TNF for RA in a Brazilian real-life setting.
Methods: A prospective cohort of biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (bDMARD)-naïve patients treated with adalimumab, etanercept, golimumab, and certolizumab was developed. Medication persistence, disease activity by the Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI), functionality by the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ), quality of life by the European Quality of Life 5 Dimensions (EQ-5D), and safety were evaluated at 6 and 12 months.
Results: In a total of 327 individuals, 211 (64.5%) were persistent at 12 months. Patients improved after the use of anti-TNF, with a reduction in the mean of CDAI and HAQ, in addition to an increase in the mean of EQ-5D (p < 0.05). The number of patients who achieved the clinical response was 114 (34.86%) by CDAI, 212 (64.83%) by HAQ, and 215 (65.75%) by EQ-5D at 12 months. There were no statistically significant differences among the drugs (p > 0.05). The anti-TNF was well tolerated.
Conclusion: Anti-TNF reduced disease activity, in addition to improving patients’ functionality and quality of life. Additional pharmacotherapeutic monitoring can be essential to achieve better results.