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Experimental Study on the Kinetics of CO2 and H2O Adsorption on Honeycomb Carbon Monoliths under Cement Flue Gas Conditions

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journal contribution
posted on 31.01.2022, 18:49 authored by Nausika Querejeta, Fernando Rubiera, Covadonga Pevida
The main challenge of adsorption consists in the production of materials that can be used in real situations. This study comprehensively describes the CO2 and H2O adsorption behavior of honeycomb-shaped sorbents commonly used in rapid pressure swing adsorption cycles (RPSA). With this purpose, the kinetics and equilibrium of adsorption of CO2/H2O/N2 mixtures on three honeycomb carbon monoliths (793, 932, and AM03) were assessed in a thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA) under different postcombustion capture scenarios (temperature of 50 °C and several concentrations of CO2). The kinetics study exhibited that the single adsorption of CO2 and H2O can be adequately described by the Avrami and exponential decay-2 models, respectively. As expected, the three carbon monoliths presented fast adsorption of CO2 from a CO2/H2O mixture. Furthermore, when humid flue gas was considered, overall adsorption kinetics were governed by CO2. Besides, the experimental data fitting to the intraparticle diffusion model showed that gradual CO2 and H2O diffusion toward the micropores was the rate-limiting stage. The obtained results give a better insight into the selective adsorption of CO2 and the potential of honeycomb carbon monoliths to separate CO2 from humid flue gas in the context of the cement industry. Carbon monolith 793 is the best carbon monolith candidate to capture CO2 under the evaluated conditions: a capacity of adsorption of 1 mmol of CO2 g–1 and favorable kinetics in 32 vol % CO2 and 4 vol % H2O(v), at 50 °C and 101.3 kPa.