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Exciton–Plasmon Interaction between AuNPs/Graphene Nanohybrids and CdS Quantum Dots/TiO2 for Photoelectrochemical Aptasensing of Prostate-Specific Antigen

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journal contribution
posted on 2018-02-21, 00:00 authored by Guoneng Cai, Zhengzhong Yu, Rongrong Ren, Dianping Tang
A competitive-displacement reaction strategy based on target-induced dissociation of gold nanoparticle coated graphene nanosheet (AuNPs/GN) from CdS quantum dot functionalized mesoporous titanium dioxide (CdS QDs/TiO2) was designed for the sensitive photoelectrochemical (PEC) aptasensing of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) through the exciton–plasmon interaction (EPI) between CdS QDs and AuNPs. To construct such an aptasensing system, capture DNA was initially conjugated covalently onto CdS QDs/TiO2-modified electrode, and then AuNPs/GN-labeled PSA aptamer was bound onto biofunctionalized CdS QDs/TiO2 via hybridization chain reaction of partial bases with capture DNA. Introduction of AuNPs/GN efficiently quenched the photocurrent of CdS QDs/TiO2 thanks to energy transfer. Upon addition of target PSA, the sandwiched aptamer between CdS QDs/TiO2 and AuNPs/GN reacted with the analyte analyte, thus resulting in the dissociation of AuNPs/GN from the CdS QDs/TiO2 to increase the photocurrent. Under optimum conditions, the aptasensing platform exhibited a high sensitivity for PSA detection within a dynamic linear range of 1.0 pg/mL to 8.0 ng/mL at a low limitat of detection of 0.52 pg/mL. The interparticle distance of exciton–plasmon interaction and contents of AuNPs corresponding to EPI effect in this system were also studied. Good selectivity and high reproducibility were obtained for the analysis of target PSA. Importantly, the accuracy and matrix effect of PEC aptasensor was evaluated for the determination of human serum specimens and newborn calf serum-diluted PSA standards, giving a well-matched result with the referenced PSA ELISA kit.