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Evaluation of Fused Aromatic-Substituted Diketopyrrolopyrrole Derivatives for Singlet Fission Sensitizers

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journal contribution
posted on 2020-06-18, 14:03 authored by Li Shen, Jitao Lu, Heyuan Liu, Qingguo Meng, Xiyou Li
Singlet fission (SF) is a spin-allowed carrier multiplication process that has potential to overcome the Shockley–Queisser limit of solar energy conversion efficiency for single-junction solar cells. It is of importance to prescreen appropriate SF candidates for both basic research and practical applications of SF. Besides common polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) derivatives also undergo efficient SF. A series of DPP derivatives with fused aromatic substituents were investigated considering their conjugation length, constitution, and the introduction of terminal substituents. A comparison of SF properties between nonfused and fused aromatic-substituted DPP derivatives was carried out. Detailed analysis focused on elucidating the relationship between the frontier molecular orbital energies, multiple diradical characters, and SF-relevant excited-state energy levels. Compared to nonfused aromatic-substituted DPP derivatives, fused aromatic-substituted DPP derivatives which contain three aromatic units (thiophene or furan) still share more appropriate energy levels for SF sensitizers. Changing the five-membered aromatic units with benzene ring and introducing −F, −OMe, and −COOH as terminal substituents are both effective ways to improve their performance as SF sensitizers. The results of this research help us to understand the SF properties of DPP derivatives deeply and are beneficial for the design of new DPP-based SF sensitizers.