# Estimation of a Structural Break Point in Linear Regression Models

This study proposes a point estimator of the break location for a one-time structural break in linear regression models. If the break magnitude is small, the least-squares estimator of the break date has two modes at the ends of the finite sample period, regardless of the true break location. To solve this problem, I suggest an alternative estimator based on a modification of the least-squares objective function. The modified objective function incorporates estimation uncertainty that varies across potential break dates. The new break point estimator is consistent and has a unimodal finite sample distribution under small break magnitudes. A limit distribution is provided under an in-fill asymptotic framework. Monte Carlo simulation results suggest that the new estimator outperforms the least-squares estimator. I apply the method to estimate the break date in U.S. and U.K. stock return prediction models.