Essential oil from Lippia microphylla Cham. modulates nitric oxide pathway and calcium influx to exert a tocolytic effect in rat uterus
The essential oil of Lippia microphylla (LM-OE) presents several pharmacological activities. This work evaluates the tocolytic effect of LM-OE on rats. LM-OE inhibited phasic contractions and relaxed tonic contractions on rat uterus. Considering that nitric oxide (NO) pathway regulates uterine contraction, LM-OE potency was attenuated in the presence of NO synthase (NOS) inhibitor and this reduction was reversed in the presence of a NOS substrate. Similarly, the relaxant potency of LM-OE was reduced in the presence of soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) and protein kinase G (PKG) inhibitors. LM-OE also demonstrates a positive modulation of large and small conductance calcium-activated, voltage-gated and adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium channels and inhibited curves to CaCl2 as well as relaxed the uterus pre-contracted by S-(-)-Bay K8644, suggesting voltage-gated calcium channels type-1 (CaV1) blockade. Thus, the tocolytic effect of LM-OE on rat involves positive modulation of NO/NOS/sGC/PKG/K+-channels pathway and Ca2+ influx blockade through CaV1.