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Enhanced CO Oxidation and Cyclic Activities in Three-Dimensional Platinum/Indium Tin Oxide/Carbon Black Electrocatalysts Processed by Cathodic Arc Deposition

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journal contribution
posted on 19.06.2019, 00:00 by Hyunwoong Na, Hanshin Choi, Ji-Won Oh, Ye Seul Jung, Yong Soo Cho
There have been extensive efforts to develop competitive electrocatalysts using carbon black (CB) supports for high-performance proton-exchange membrane fuel cells with less usage of Pt. Herein, we propose a very promising electrocatalyst architecture based on the three-dimensional Pt/indium tin oxide (ITO)/CB support structure which was enabled by a nonconventional deposition process ensuring very uniform impregnation of Pt and ITO nanoparticles into the CB network. The unusual scales of the Pt (∼1.9 nm) and ITO (∼5.6 nm) nanoparticles were directly related to unexpectedly better performance of the electrocatalytic activities. As a highlight, the electrochemical surface area of the electrocatalyst was maintained very well after the 3000 cycle-accelerated durability evaluation by demonstrating an excellent retention of ∼74.9%. Particularly, the CO tolerance exhibited a low value of ∼0.68 V as the absorption current peak, compared to ∼0.79 V for a commercial Pt/CB catalyst containing twice more Pt.