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Distance-Dependent Metal-Enhanced Quantum Dots Fluorescence Analysis in Solution by Capillary Electrophoresis and Its Application to DNA Detection

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journal contribution
posted on 2011-06-01, 00:00 authored by Yong-Qiang Li, Li-Yun Guan, Hai-Li Zhang, Jun Chen, Song Lin, Zhi-Ya Ma, Yuan-Di Zhao
Here the distance dependence of metal-enhanced quantum dots (QDs) fluorescence in solution is studied systematically by capillary electrophoresis (CE). Complementary DNA oligonucleotides-modified CdSe/ZnS QDs and gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) were connected together in solution by the hybridization of complementary oligonucleotides, and a model system (QD–Au) for the study of metal-enhanced QDs fluorescence was constructed, in which the distance between the QDs and Au NPs was controlled by adjusting the base number of the oligonucleotide. In our CE experiments, the metal-enhanced fluorescence of the QDs solution was only observed when the distance between the QDs and Au NPs ranged from 6.8 to 18.7 nm, and the maximum enhancement by a factor of 2.3 was achieved at 11.9 nm. Furthermore, a minimum of 19.6 pg of target DNA was identified in CE based on its specific competition with the QD–DNA in the QD–Au system. This work provides an important reference for future study of metal-enhanced QDs fluorescence in solution and exhibits potential capability in nucleic acid hybridization analysis and high-sensitivity DNA detection.