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Detection of Volatile Organic Compounds Using Microfabricated Resonator Array Functionalized with Supramolecular Monolayers

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posted on 19.08.2015, 00:00 by Yao Lu, Ye Chang, Ning Tang, Hemi Qu, Jing Liu, Wei Pang, Hao Zhang, Daihua Zhang, Xuexin Duan
This paper describes the detection of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) using an e-nose type integrated microfabricated sensor array, in which each resonator is coated with different supramolecular monolayers: p-tert-butyl calix[8]­arene (Calix[8]­arene), 2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18-octaethyl-21H,23H-porphine (Porphyrin), β-cyclodextrin (β-CD), and cucurbit[8]­uril (CB[8]). Supramolecular monolayers fabricated by Langmuir–Blodgett techniques work as specific sensing interface for different VOCs recognition which increase the sensor selectivity. Microfabricated ultrahigh working frequency film bulk acoustic resonator (FBAR) transducers (4.4 GHz) enable their high sensitivity toward monolayer gas sensing which facilitate the analyses of VOCs adsorption isotherms and kinetics. Two affinity constants (K1, K2) are obtained for each VOC, which indicate the gas molecule adsorption happen inside and outside of the supramolecular cavities. Additional kinetic information on adsorption and desorption rate constants (ka, kd) are obtained as well from exponential fitting results. The five parameters, one from the conventional frequency shift signals of mass transducers and the other four from the indirect analyses of monolayer adsorption behaviors, thus enrich the sensing matrix (Δf, K1, K2, ka, kd) which can be used as multiparameter fingerprint patterns for highly selective detection and discrimination of VOCs.