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Design of New Chiral Phase-Transfer Catalysts with Dual Functions for Highly Enantioselective Epoxidation of α,β-Unsaturated Ketones

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journal contribution
posted on 09.06.2004, 00:00 by Takashi Ooi, Daisuke Ohara, Masazumi Tamura, Keiji Maruoka
A new chiral ammonium bromide, 1-Br, possessing diarylmethanol functionality as a substrate recognition site has been designed as a promising, dual-functioning catalyst for the highly enantioselective epoxidation of α,β-unsaturated ketones under mild phase-transfer conditions. For instance, vigorous stirring of a mixture of chalcone, 1-Br (3 mol %), and 13% NaOCl in toluene at 0 °C for 24 h gave rise to epoxy chalcone quantitatively with 96% ee. A variety of α,β-unsaturated ketones can also be epoxidized with rigorous stereochemical control, clearly demonstrating the effectiveness and utility of the present system. Further, a successful single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis of 1-PF6 uncovered its distinctive three-dimensional molecular architecture and provided useful information for postulating the transition state.