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Controllable CO2‑Responsiveness of an Oil-in-Water Emulsion by Varying the Number of Tertiary Amine Groups or the Position of the Hydroxyl Group of Tertiary Amine

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journal contribution
posted on 25.02.2019, 00:00 authored by Shanshan Dai, Peiyao Zhu, Yuxin Suo, Hongsheng Lu
A series of water-soluble tertiary amines (TAs) are introduced into an oil-in-water (O/W) emulsion stabilized by sodium oleate (NaOA). TAs convert into bicarbonate salts upon bubbling of CO2, which could induce the increase of ionic strength of the aqueous phase, form ion pairs with NaOA by electrostatic interaction, and finally result in demulsification. ζ-Potential, conductivity, pH value, 1H NMR, separation rate, and interfacial tension are applied to figure out the effects of number of tertiary amine groups and different positions of the hydroxyl group. TA with an increasing number of tertiary amine groups can further stabilize the O/W emulsion and accelerate the process of demulsification by bubbling CO2. More tertiary amine groups bring about a more stable emulsion and faster demulsification by bubbling CO2. The position of the hydroxyl group is a key factor affecting the solubility of the corresponding ion pair formed with NaOA. The better the water solubility, the slower the demulsification. The worse the water solubility of the ion pair, the more perfect the demulsification is. More importantly, water-soluble TA, with proper structure, could bring about perfect demulsification.