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Comprehensive Identification and Absolute Quantification of Milk Oligosaccharides in Different Species

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journal contribution
posted on 20.12.2021, 14:36 by Yue Shi, Binsong Han, Lina Zhang, Peng Zhou
Human and animal milk contains a rich variety of oligosaccharides (OSs), which are of great interest due to a similar biological efficacy. In this study, the OSs were identified and the concentrations of eight specific OSs in human and four animal milk (cow, goat, sheep, and camel) were analyzed. In general, 30, 42, 32, 34, and 35 OSs were identified in bovine, caprine, ovine, camel, and human milk, respectively. Camel milk was the most similar in type to human milk than other four animal milk. The concentration of eight OSs in human milk was approximately six times higher than that in camel milk, 20 times higher than that in bovine and caprine milk, and 75 times higher than that in ovine milk. Collectively, these findings revealed the characteristics and concentrations of OSs in the milk of different species, providing insights into the potential application of OSs in medical and functional foods.