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Chain-Length-Dependent Exciton Dynamics in Linear Oligothiophenes Probed Using Ensemble and Single-Molecule Spectroscopy

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posted on 18.01.2016, 21:49 by Tae-Woo Kim, Woojae Kim, Kyu Hyung Park, Pyosang Kim, Jae-Won Cho, Hideyuki Shimizu, Masahiko Iyoda, Dongho Kim
Exciton dynamics in π-conjugated molecular systems is highly susceptible to conformational disorder. Using time-resolved and single-molecule spectroscopic techniques, the effect of chain length on the exciton dynamics in a series of linear oligothiophenes, for which the conformational disorder increased with increasing chain length, was investigated. As a result, extraordinary features of the exciton dynamics in longer-chain oligothiophene were revealed. Ultrafast fluorescence depolarization processes were observed due to exciton self-trapping in longer and bent chains. Increase in exciton delocalization during dynamic planarization processes was also observed in the linear oligothiophenes via time-resolved fluorescence spectra but was restricted in L-10T because of its considerable conformational disorder. Exciton delocalization was also unexpectedly observed in a bent chain using single-molecule fluorescence spectroscopy. Such delocalization modulates the fluorescence spectral shape by attenuating the 0–0 peak intensity. Collectively, these results provide significant insights into the exciton dynamics in conjugated polymers.

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