Carbon Nanotubes Activate Store-Operated Calcium Entry in Human Blood Platelets
journal contributionposted on 26.07.2011, 00:00 by Silvia H. De Paoli Lacerda, Jana Semberova, Karel Holada, Olga Simakova, Steven D. Hudson, Jan Simak
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are known to potentiate arterial thrombosis in animal models, which raises serious safety issues concerning environmental or occupational exposure to CNTs and their use in various biomedical applications. We have shown previously that different CNTs, but not fullerene (nC60), induce the aggregation of human blood platelets. To date, however, a mechanism of potentially thrombogenic CNT-induced platelet activation has not been elucidated. Here we show that pristine multiwalled CNTs (MWCNTs) penetrate platelet plasma membrane without any discernible damage but interact with the dense tubular system (DTS) causing depletion of platelet intracellular Ca2+ stores. This process is accompanied by the clustering of stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) colocalized with Orai1, indicating the activation of store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE). Our findings reveal the molecular mechanism of CNT-induced platelet activation which is critical in the evaluation of the biocompatibility of carbon nanomaterials with blood.