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Calculated Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Parameters for Multiproton-Exchange and Nonbonded-Hydrogen Rotation Processes in Cyclic Water Clusters

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journal contribution
posted on 16.06.2011, 00:00 by Hubert Cybulski, Joanna Sadlej
In this work we report, for the first time, calculations of nuclear magnetic resonance parameters for the processes of multiproton-exchange and nonbonded-proton rotations in small, cyclic water clusters. The simultaneous proton exchange induces a large decrease in the oxygen shielding constants in both clusters, with a mean value of −52.6 ppm for the water trimer and −50.1 ppm for the water tetramer. The 1(h) JOH coupling constant between an oxygen nucleus and exchanging proton decreases (in absolute value) along the path, changes sign, finally reaching a value of 5−7 Hz. The changes in the NMR parameters induced by the nonbonded proton rotations are smaller. The calculated dependencies of the intermolecular spin−spin coupling constants upon rotation reveal that the largest changes are expected for the couplings transmitted through the hydrogen bond between the rotating and neighboring molecule which acts as a proton donor. The symmetry-adapted perturbation theory (SAPT) interaction energy calculations for each dimer forming the water trimer have allowed us to relate a strength of interactions within pairs of water molecules with coupling constant values. The predicted maximal values of the interaction-energy terms (energetically unfavorable orientations of the constituent dimers) along paths correlate with the extremal values of the spin−spin coupling constants, which mostly correspond to the maximal couplings along pathways.