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Boosting CO2 Electroreduction on Bismuth Nanoplates with a Three-Dimensional Nitrogen-Doped Graphene Aerogel Matrix

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-04-14, 12:34 authored by Xiao-Ting Jing, Zhejiaji Zhu, Li-Wei Chen, Di Liu, Hui-Zi Huang, Wen-Jing Tian, An-Xiang Yin
Electrochemical CO2 reduction reaction (CO2RR), which uses renewable electricity to produce high-value-added chemicals, offers an alternative clean path to the carbon cycle. However, bismuth-based catalysts show great potential for the conversion of CO2 and water to formate, but their overall efficiency is still hampered by the weak CO2 adsorption, low electrical conductivity, and slow mass transfer of CO2 molecules. Herein, we report that a rationally modulated nitrogen-doped graphene aerogel matrix (NGA) can significantly enhance the CO2RR performance of bismuth nanoplates (BiNPs) by both modulating the electronic structure of bismuth and regulating the interface for chemical reaction and mass transfer environments. In particular, the NGA prepared by reducing graphene oxide (GO) with hydrazine hydrate (denoted as NGAhdrz) exhibits significantly enhanced strong metal–support interaction (SMSI), increased specific surface area, strengthened CO2 adsorption, and modulated wettability. As a result, the Bi/NGAhdrz exhibits significantly boosted CO2RR properties, with a Faradaic efficiency (FE) of 96.4% at a current density of 51.4 mA cm–2 for formate evolution at a potential of −1.0 V versus reversible hydrogen electrode (vs RHE) in aqueous solution under ambient conditions.