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Augmenting Therapeutic Potential of Polyphenols by Hydrogen-Bonding Complexation for the Treatment of Acute Lung Inflammation

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journal contribution
posted on 05.08.2020 by Zhicheng Le, Zhijia Liu, Lilong Sun, Lixin Liu, Yongming Chen
Dysregulated inflammation is considered as an essential pathological process in inflammation-associated diseases, which would be aggravated by high levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation inducing oxidative stress. Currently, extensive attention has been paid to polyphenolic compounds owing to their broad spectrum biological activities, such as antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, while their therapeutic potential has been compromised by the poor stability, short plasma half-life, and low bioavailability. Given that polyphenols have a wide range of structural characteristics and various physicochemical properties, there remains a real challenge toward green, mass production of universal nanocarriers for effective entrapment of these active pharmaceutical ingredients. In this study, we adopted a flash nanocomplexation (FNC) platform to prepare nanocomplexes comprising polyphenols and d-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS) enabled by hydrogen bonding. We confirmed that the molecular structure of polyphenols has a great influence on their complexation with TPGS, and stable nanocomplexes were formed when the number of phenolic hydroxyl groups of polyphenols was above the value of 8. These hydrogen-bonded nanocomplexes produced by an FNC apparatus exhibited well-controlled quality with uniform size, good colloidal stability, and high batch-to-batch repeatability, thus improving the druggability as potent nanotherapeutics for antioxidant and anti-inflammatory applications. In vivo experiments indicated that the optimal nanocomplex (EGCG-NC) can be applied to ameliorate acute lung injury in a mice model after nasal administration. These results proved that polyphenols formulated with TPGS for nanocomplex formation through hydrogen-bonding complexation could augment their therapeutic potential for modulating hyperactive inflammation in the treatment of acute lung inflammation.