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Asymmetric Synthesis of Succinic Semialdehyde Derivatives

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journal contribution
posted on 2003-02-26, 00:00 authored by José M. Lassaletta, Juan Vázquez, Auxiliadora Prieto, Rosario Fernández, Gerhard Raabe, Dieter Enders
The nucleophilic Michael addition of 2-(diphenylmethoxymethyl)-1-methyleneamino pyrrolidine 1D to prochiral aliphatic and aromatic alkylidene malonates 2 takes place in the presence of MgI2 to afford the corresponding Michael adducts 3 in excellent yields and good selectivities. In the aromatic series, optically pure (de > 98%) major diastereomers (S,S)-3 were isolated in good yields (77−93%) after chromatographic separation. Direct, racemization-free BF3·OEt2-catalyzed thiolysis of compounds 3 afforded dithioacetals 7. These compounds were transformed into malonates 8 and succinic semialdehyde derivatives 9 by Raney Nickel mediated desulfuration or decarboxylation, respectively.