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Antioxidative Composites Based on Multienzyme Systems Encapsulated in Metal–Organic Frameworks

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-09-23, 04:03 authored by Yu Liu, Xun Cao, Jun Ge
Skin is exposed to ultraviolet radiation from the sun constantly, which may induce overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) causing oxidative stress to cells and tissues. Enzymes and small molecules work together to maintain the redox homeostasis, among which superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) are two kinds of most important antioxidants that suffer from the fragile nature of proteins. Moreover, the proportion of two enzymes used in products must be precisely controlled to reduce the damage caused by the toxic intermediate H2O2. Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) are emerging as promising candidates for multiple enzyme encapsulation due to their high porosity, easy synthesis, and good biocompatibility. Herein, we developed enzyme-MOF composites, SC@ZIF-8, which exhibited an excellent antioxidative activity in vitro. Chemically protective cages formed by MOFs endow the encapsulated enzymes the long-term stability under unnatural conditions in cosmetic and biomedical materials. The pH-dependent protein release profile of SC@ZIF-8 facilitated the successful delivery of enzymes into the cytoplasm to scavenge toxic ROS. The nanocomposites protected human cells from paraquat-induced oxidative stress, paving a new path for the stable and efficient application of antioxidative enzymes in cosmetic and dermatological fields.