Acremolin D, a new acremolin alkaloid from the deep-sea sediment derived Aspergillus sydowii fungus
Chemical investigation of the deep-sea-derived fungus Aspergillus sydowii MCCC 3A00324 led to the isolation of one new acremolin type alkaloid (acremolin D, 1) and five known alkaloids (2‒6). The planar structure of 1 was established by the extensive analyses of the NMR and HRESIMS data, while its absolute configuration was assigned by the comparison of the experimental and calculated ECD data. Acremolin D (1) represented the second analogue of acremolin found in nature. All compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxic activities against six human cancer cell lines (A549, Hela-S3, MCF-7, HepG2, K562, and SF-268). As a result, compounds 1 and 2 exhibited a certain inhibitory effects against the proliferation of the A549, Hela-S3, HepG2, and K562 cell lines at the concentration of 20 µM.