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Achieving Purely Organic Room-Temperature Phosphorescence Mediated by a Host–Guest Charge Transfer State

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journal contribution
posted on 11.05.2021, 02:03 authored by Weidong Qiu, Xinyi Cai, Mengke Li, Zijian Chen, Liangying Wang, Wentao Xie, Kunkun Liu, Ming Liu, Shi-Jian Su
Strategies for developing purely organic materials exhibiting both high efficiency and persistent room-temperature phosphorescence (RTP) have remained ambiguous and challenging. Herein, we propose that introducing an intermediate charge transfer (CT) state into the donor–acceptor binary molecular system holds promise for accomplishing this goal. Guest materials showing gradient ionization potentials were selected to fine-tune the intermolecularly formed CT state when doped into the same host material with a large electron affiliation potential. Such a CT intermediate state accelerates the population of the triplet exciton to benefit phosphorescent emission and decreases the phosphorescence lifetime via quenching the long-lived triplet excitons. As a result, a “trade-off” between a long phosphorescence lifetime (595 ms) and a high phosphorescent quantum yield (27.5%) can be obtained by tuning the host–guest energy gap offset. This finding highlights the key role of CT in RTP emission and provides new guidance for developing novel RTP systems.