A network control system for hydro plants to counteract the nonsynchronous generation integration
journal contributionposted on 10.09.2018 by Harold R. Chamorro, Andres C. Sanchez, Andres Pantoja, Ivan Zelinka, Francisco Gonzalez-Longatt, Vijay K. Sood
Any type of content formally published in an academic journal, usually following a peer-review process.
Sweden is a country with abundant hydro power and has expectations to include more renewable energy sources, namely from wind power, into its electrical system. Currently, in order to improve the frequency response requirements of its electrical system, the country is considering upgrading its hydro-governors. This effort is part of maintaining the system frequency and reaction within their limits following any disturbance events. To partially compensate for increased frequency fluctuations due to an increased share of renewables on its system, the frequency response of hydro-governors should be improved. This paper proposes an innovative network control system, through a supplementary control, for the improvement of the hydro-governor’s action. This supplementary control allows having more flexibility over the control action and improves the primary frequency control, and thereby the overall system frequency response. The proposed supplementary control, based on an evolutionary game theory strategy, uses remote measurements and a hierarchical dynamic adjustment of the control. Additionally, in order to guarantee an optimal response, a Simulated Annealing algorithm is combined with the supplementary control. This paper illustrates the analysis and design of the proposed methodology, and is tested on two power systems models: (i) an aggregated model that represents the frequency response of Sweden, Norway and Finland, and (ii) The Nordic 32 test system.
- Mechanical, Electrical and Manufacturing Engineering