File(s) not publicly available

A comparison of cardiac structure and function between female powerlifters, fitness-oriented athletes, and sedentary controls

journal contribution
posted on 28.04.2021, 03:28 by Dragan Radovanović, Viktor Stoičkov, Aleksandar Ignjatović, Aaron ScanlanAaron Scanlan, Vladimir Jakovljević, Emilija Stojanović
Aim: To compare echocardiographic parameters between female powerlifters, fitness-oriented athletes, and sedentary controls. Methods: A between-subject, cross-sectional experimental design was adopted. Echocardiographic parameters were measured in female powerlifters (n = 10; progressive overload 60%–95% of 1 repetition maximum [RM]), fitness-oriented athletes (n = 10; 50%–70% of 1-RM), and sedentary control subjects (n = 10). Comparisons were made with Kruskal-Wallis tests, one-way analyses of variance, and eta-squared (η ) interpreted as small = 0.01–0.06, moderate = 0.061-0.14, and large >0.14. Results: Large differences (P >.05) were observed between resistance-trained groups and sedentary controls, whereby relative wall thickness (RWT) and left ventricular (LV) index were greater in powerlifters (RWT: 0.40 ± 0.05, η  = 0.15; LV index: 95.6 ± 13.6 g/m , η  = 0.15) and fitness-oriented athletes (RWT: 0.40 ± 0.05, η  = 0.15; LV index: 97.9 ± 14.2 g/m , η  = 0.20) compared to sedentary controls (RWT: 0.36 ± 0.05; LV index: 85.9 ± 10.3 g/m ). Large differences were observed in intra-ventricular septal wall thickness (ISWT) and late diastolic velocity (a') between groups, whereby powerlifters exhibited lower a' (8.6 ± 1.2 cm/s) compared to fitness-oriented athletes (9.9 ± 0.9 cm/s, η  = 0.26, P =.04) and sedentary controls (9.6 ± 0.9 cm/s, η  = 0.19, P >.05), while fitness-oriented athletes exhibited greater ISWT (10.1 ± 0.7 mm) compared to sedentary controls (9.4 ± 1.0 mm, η  = 0.16, P >.05). Conclusions: Differences in cardiac structure between powerlifters, fitness-oriented athletes, and sedentary controls suggest specific cardiac remodeling may occur in response to resistance training, without impairment of cardiac function. 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

History

Volume

37

Issue

10

Start Page

1566

End Page

1573

Number of Pages

8

eISSN

1540-8175

ISSN

0742-2822

Location

United States

Publisher

Wiley-Blackwell

Language

eng

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

Acceptance Date

12/08/2020

External Author Affiliations

University of Kragujevac, University of Niš, Serbia

Era Eligible

Yes

Medium

Print-Electronic

Journal

Echocardiography