Welcoming Gallium- and Indium-Fumarate MOFs to the Family: Synthesis, Comprehensive Characterization, Observation of Porous Hydrophobicity, and CO2 Dynamics
journal contributionposted on 02.08.2018 by Yue Zhang, Bryan E. G. Lucier, Sarah M. McKenzie, Mihails Arhangelskis, Andrew J. Morris, Tomislav Friščić, Joel W. Reid, Victor V. Terskikh, Mansheng Chen, Yining Huang
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The properties and applications of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) are strongly dependent on the nature of the metals and linkers, along with the specific conditions employed during synthesis. Al-fumarate, trademarked as Basolite A520, is a porous MOF that incorporates aluminum centers along with fumarate linkers and is a promising material for applications involving adsorption of gases such as CO2. In this work, the solvothermal synthesis and detailed characterization of the gallium- and indium-fumarate MOFs (Ga-fumarate, In-fumarate) are described. Using a combination of powder X-ray diffraction, Rietveld refinements, solid-state NMR spectroscopy, IR spectroscopy, and thermogravimetric analysis, the topologies of Ga-fumarate and In-fumarate are revealed to be analogous to Al-fumarate. Ultra-wideline 69Ga, 71Ga, and 115In NMR experiments at 21.1 T strongly support our refined structure. Adsorption isotherms show that the Al-, Ga-, and In-fumarate MOFs all exhibit an affinity for CO2, with Al-fumarate being the superior adsorbent at 1 bar and 273 K. Static direct excitation and cross-polarized 13C NMR experiments permit investigation of CO2 adsorption locations, binding strengths, motional rates, and motional angles that are critical to increasing adsorption capacity and selectivity in these materials. Conducting the synthesis of the indium-based framework in methanol demonstrates a simple route to introduce porous hydrophobicity into a MIL-53-type framework by incorporation of metal-bridging −OCH3 groups in the MOF pores.