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Three-Dimensional Graphene Structure for Healable Flexible Electronics Based on Diels–Alder Chemistry

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journal contribution
posted on 13.02.2018 by Jinhui Li, Qiang Liu, Derek Ho, Songfang Zhao, Shuwen Wu, Lei Ling, Fei Han, Xinxiu Wu, Guoping Zhang, Rong Sun, Ching-Ping Wong
Wearable electronics with excellent stretchability and sensitivity have emerged as a very promising field with wide applications such as e-skin and human motion detection. Although three-dimensional (3D) graphene structures (GS) have been reported for high-performance strain sensors, challenges still remain such as the high cost of GS preparation, low stretchability, and the lack of ability to heal itself. In this paper, we reported a novel self-healing flexible electronics with 3D GS based on Diels–Alder (DA) chemistry. Furfurylamine (FA) was employed as a reducing as well as a modifying agent, forming GS by FA (FAGS)/DA bonds contained polyurethane with the “infiltrate-gel-dry” process. The as-prepared composite exhibited excellent stretchability (200%) and intrinsic conductivity with low incorporation of graphene (about 2 wt %), which could be directly employed for flexible electronics to detect human motions. Besides, the FAGS/DAPU composite exhibited lower temperature retro-DA response for the continuous graphene networks. Highly effective healing of the composites by heat and microwave has been demonstrated successfully.