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The correlates and treatment of obesity in military populations: a systematic review

journal contribution
posted on 05.02.2015 by Paul Sanderson, Stacy Clemes, Stuart Biddle
Objective: The emergence of obesity as a distinct disease could have far reaching consequences for an organisation where optimum health and physical fitness are required for personnel to perform their occupational roles effectively. The objectives of this paper are to systematically review the literature concerning correlates and treatment of obesity in military populations. Methods: Through computerised searches of English language studies, 17 papers were identified (treatment (13), correlates (4)). Results: Successful treatment interventions incorporated exercise, healthy eating information, behavioural modification, self-monitoring, relapse prevention, and structured follow-up and were supported by trained personnel. Efficacy due to physical activity was underreported. Reduction in body fat rather than body weight was the most significant outcome. The major significant correlates of obesity were being enlisted personnel, male, ≧35 years of age, African-American/Hispanic ethnicity, and married (with spouse present). Conclusion: This systematic review highlights the deficit in knowledge concerning treatment and the lack of engagement in relation to the specific correlates of obesity in military populations.

Funding

Supported by UK MoD Grant.

History

School

  • Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences

Published in

OBESITY FACTS

Volume

4

Issue

3

Pages

229 - 237 (9)

Citation

SANDERSON, P.W., CLEMES, S.A. and BIDDLE, S., 2011. The correlates and treatment of obesity in military populations: a systematic review. Obesity Facts, 4 (3), pp. 229 - 237.

Publisher

© S. Karger GmbH, Freiburg

Version

VoR (Version of Record)

Publisher statement

This work is made available according to the conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) licence. Full details of this licence are available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Publication date

2011

Notes

This article is closed access.

ISSN

1662-4025

Language

en

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