Synthesis of Novel Fluoro Analogues of MKC442 as Microbicides
journal contributionposted on 26.06.2014 by Yasser M. Loksha, Erik B. Pedersen, Roberta Loddo, Giuseppina Sanna, Gabriella Collu, Gabriele Giliberti, Paolo La Colla
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Novel analogues of MKC442 (6-benzyl-1-(ethoxymethyl)-5-isopropylpyrimidine-2,4(1H,3H)-dione) were synthesized by reaction of 6-[(3,5-dimethylphenyl)fluoromethyl]-5-ethyluracil (5) with ethoxymethyl chloride and formaldehyde acetals. The Sonogashira reaction was carried out on the N1-(p-iodobenzyl)oxy]methyl derivative of compound 5 using propagyl alcohol to afford compound 12 (YML220). The latter compound was selected for further studies since it showed the most potent and selective activity in vitro against wild-type HIV-1 and non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-, nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-, and protease inhibitor-resistant mutants and a wide range of HIV-1 clinical isolates. 12 also showed microbicidal activity in long-term assays with heavily infected MT-4 cells.