Stretch Effects Induced by Molecular Strain on Weakening σ‑Bonds: Molecular Design of Long-Lived Diradicals (Biradicals)
journal contributionposted on 07.09.2012 by Manabu Abe, Haruka Furunaga, Dongxia Ma, Laura Gagliardi, Graham J. Bodwell
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Stretch effects induced by two types of molecular strain were examined by quantum chemical calculations at the B3LYP/6-31G(d), B3LYP/cc-PVDZ, CCSD/6-31G(d), and CASPT2/ANO-RCC-VTZP level of theory, to design persistent multiradicals such as localized diradicals and oxyallyls. The cooperative molecular strain (Type-1) induced by the spiro[5.5]undecane and bicyclo[2.1.0]cyclopentane structures was found to significantly destabilize in energy the ring-closed compounds of the diradicals, leading to small energy differences between the diradicals and the σ-bonded compounds. Another stretch effect (Type-2) induced by macrocyclic systems was also found to energetically destabilize the corresponding ring-closed structures of the 1,3-diradicals. The computational studies predict that the two types of stretch effects are quite effective in lowering the energy barriers of the bond-breaking reaction of the ring-closed compounds and in generating long-lived localized diradicals and oxyallyl derivatives.