Small airway imaging phenotypes in biomass- and tobacco smoke-exposed patients with COPD.
journal contributionposted on 04.10.2017 by Lalita Fernandes, Nandani Gulati, Yasmin Fernandes, Anthony Menezes Mesquita, Mahesh Sardessai, Jan-Willem J. Lammers, Firdaus A. Mohamed Hoesein, Nick H.T. Ten Hacken, Maarten van den Berge, Craig J. Galbán, Salman Siddiqui
Any type of content formally published in an academic journal, usually following a peer-review process.
Biomass and functional small airway disease http://ow.ly/gXu730abpKu. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is currently the third most common cause of death, worldwide. Tobacco smoke (TS) is the main risk factor for COPD in developed countries, but biomass smoke (BMS) exposure is the leading cause in developing countries, particularly in women.