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Self-Powered Temperature Sensor with Seebeck Effect Transduction for Photothermal–Thermoelectric Coupled Immunoassay

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journal contribution
posted on 21.01.2020 by Lingting Huang, Jialun Chen, Zhonghua Yu, Dianping Tang
A self-powered temperature sensor based on Seebeck effect transduction was designed for photothermal–thermoelectric coupled immunoassay of α-fetoprotein (AFP). In this system, glucose oxidase (GOx)-conjugated detection antibody was first captured onto the microplate by target-induced sandwich-type immunoreaction. Thereafter, the as-generated hydrogen peroxide via the GOx–glucose system oxidized 3,3′,5,5′-tetrametylbenzidine (TMB) into photothermal product oxidized TMB (ox-TMB). Under near-infrared (NIR) laser irradiation, the temperature change of ox-TMB was read out in an electrical signal by the flexible thermoelectric module in a 3D-printed integrated detection device. Under optimal conditions, the photothermal–thermoelectric coupled immunoassay exhibited a limit of detection of 0.39 ng mL–1 AFP over a dynamic linear range from 0.5 to 60 ng mL–1. Impressively, such a strategy presented herein offers tremendous potentials for applying many other high-efficiency thermoelectric materials in ultrasensitive biosensors.