Photoconduction Properties in Aligned Assemblies of Colloidal CdSe/CdS Nanorods

We report on photoconduction and optical properties of aligned assemblies of core−shell CdSe/CdS nanorods prepared by a seeded growth approach. We fabricate oriented layers of nanorods by drop casting the nanorods from a solution on substrates with prepatterned, micrometer-spaced electrodes and obtain nanorod alignment due to the coffee stain effect. The photoconductivity of the nanorod layers can be improved significantly by an annealing process under vacuum conditions. The spectral response of the photocurrent shows distinct features that can be assigned to the electronic level structure of the core−shell nanorods and that relate well to the spectra obtained by absorption measurements. We study assemblies of nanorods oriented parallel and perpendicular to the applied electric field by the combined use of photocurrent and photoluminescence spectroscopy. We obtain consistent results which show that charge carrier separation and transport are more efficient for nanorods oriented parallel to the electric field. We also investigate the light polarization sensitivity of the photocurrent for the oriented nanorod layers and observe higher conductivity in the case of perpendicular polarization with respect to the long axis of the nanorods.