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Optimization of P2Y12 Antagonist Ethyl 6‑(4-((Benzylsulfonyl)carbamoyl)piperidin-1-yl)-5-cyano-2-methylnicotinate (AZD1283) Led to the Discovery of an Oral Antiplatelet Agent with Improved Druglike Properties

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journal contribution
posted on 07.03.2019 by Deyu Kong, Tao Xue, Bin Guo, Jianjun Cheng, Shunyin Liu, Jianhai Wei, Zhengyu Lu, Haoran Liu, Guoqing Gong, Tian Lan, Wenhao Hu, Yushe Yang
P2Y12 antagonists are widely used as antiplatelet agents for the prevention and treatment of arterial thrombosis. Based on the scaffold of a known P2Y12 antagonist AZD1283, a series of novel bicyclic pyridine derivatives were designed and synthesized. The cyclization of the ester substituent on the pyridine ring to the ortho-methyl group led to lactone analogues of AZD1283 that showed significantly enhanced metabolic stability in subsequent structure–pharmacokinetic relationship studies. The metabolic stability was further enhanced by adding a 4-methyl substituent to the piperidinyl moiety. Compound 58l displayed potent inhibition of platelet aggregation in vitro as well as antithrombotic efficacy in a rat ferric chloride model. Moreover, 58l showed a safety profile that was superior to what was observed for clopidogrel in a rat tail-bleeding model. These results support the further evaluation of compound 58l as a promising drug candidate.