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First-Principles Parametrization of Polarizable Coarse-Grained Force Fields for Ionic Liquids

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journal contribution
posted on 22.01.2018, 00:00 by Frank Uhlig, Johannes Zeman, Jens Smiatek, Christian Holm
We present an ab initio parametrization scheme for explicitly dipole-polarizable force fields for the simulation of molecular liquids. The scheme allows for, in principle, arbitrarily coarse-grained representations. All parameters in the force field are derived from first-principles, based on simple physical arguments. Only one fit parameter enters the parametrization, a global scaling factor for the size of the particles, which is adjusted to reproduce the experimental mass density. As important examples and for the first time, polarizable coarse-grained force fields are derived for 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium cations with varying alkyl-chain lengths (alkyl = ethyl, butyl, hexyl) and hexafluorophosphate and tetrafluoroborate anions. Our findings are in good agreement with experimental results and results of further atomistic simulations. Hence, the force fields can be faithfully used where polarizability is expected to play a significant role, such as simulations of energy storage devices.