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Enzymatic Ring Opening of an Iron Corrole by Plant-Type Heme Oxygenases: Unexpected Substrate and Protein Selectivities

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journal contribution
posted on 30.11.2010 by Björn Gisk, Frédérique Brégier, Robin A. Krüger, Martin Bröring, Nicole Frankenberg-Dinkel
Heme oxygenases are widely distributed enzymes involved in the oxidative cleavage of the heme macrocycle that yields the open-chain tetrapyrrole biliverdin IX, CO, and iron. For the first time, two regioisomeric iron corroles [α-CH- and γ-CH-Fe(cor)] have been utilized as artificial substrate and cofactor analogues to mammalian, plant, cyanobacterial, and bacterial heme oxygenases. The non-natural enzymatic cleavage of γ-CH-Fe(cor), catalyzed by plant-type heme oxygenases from Arabidopsis thaliana and Synechocystis sp., happens selectively at the unexpected bipyrrolic position and yields a biomimetic biliverdin-like product. The reaction is selective for this corrole regioisomer and for plant-type heme oxygenases and is the first report of an enzymatic corrole ring opening.