Suffering and distress monitoring.
figureposted on 22.04.2014, 11:37 authored by Maria Chiara Ciuffreda, Valerio Tolva, Renato Casana, Massimiliano Gnecchi, Emilio Vanoli, Carla Spazzolini, John Roughan, Laura Calvillo
Proportion of rats showing stress behavior during the first (A) and the second hour (B) after recovery from surgery.
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agricultureAnimal managementAnimal welfareorganismsanimalsvertebratesmammalsrodentsratsVeterinary scienceAnimal typesLaboratory animalsanesthesiologycardiologyAcute cardiovascular problemsCardiovascular pharmacologyMyocardial infarctionhealth carePerioperative critical carePain managementModel organismsAnimal modelsdistress