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Robber and pollinators of T. undulata.

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posted on 18.07.2014, 02:53 by Vineet Kumar Singh, Chandan Barman, Rajesh Tandon

(A) The robber (Nectarinia asiatica) consuming nectar by piercing through the corolla tube, and (B) through the opening of the tube. (C & D) The two pollinators - Pycnonotus leucotis and Pycnonotus cafer legitimately forage the flowers and facilitate pollination. Inset of (A): Note the hole (arrow) in the corolla tube made by the robber.