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Identification of compounds attractive to S. damnosum s.l.

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posted on 2015-01-08, 03:28 authored by Ryan M. Young, Nathan D. Burkett-Cadena, Tommy W. McGaha Jr, Mario A. Rodriguez-Perez, Laurent D. Toé, Monsuru A. Adeleke, Moussa Sanfo, Traore Soungalo, Charles R. Katholi, Raymond Noblet, Henry Fadamiro, Jose L. Torres-Estrada, Mario C. Salinas-Carmona, Bill Baker, Thomas R. Unnasch, Eddie W. Cupp

Panel A: Electroantennogram (EAG) recording of responses to human sweat compounds. Average EAG response (+ SEM), relative to hexane). Only compounds inducing a significant EAG response are shown. Panel B: Y tube olfactometer assays of compounds found to be stimulatory in the EAG assay. Olfactometer controls  =  air and hexane. Error bars indicate the SEM and the column the mean percentage of flies present in the stimulus arm of the olfactometer at the end of the experiment. In each panel, * p<0.05, ** p<0.005, and *** p<0.0005; N = 3–5.